Correction officers have a major role in correctional facilities. While the officers are supposed to help correct and rehabilitate inmates in a prison, they are also supposed to make sure the community outside the walls of the prisons are safe. The officers are usually good at what they do if they are given the correct description of their work. They can only be effective if they know what is required of them. It is not definite however, as to how the teachings given to the officers on how to keep both the inmates and the community safe affect the judgments of the officers. Most correction officers are seen to execute their roles well (Elija, pg. 10).
They are seen to have the ability to provide a good balance on both the safety of the surrounding community and the inmates, even though a smaller number of the officers find a difficulty in balancing the two. Correction officers are sometimes affected by work related stress. The stress affects their attitude directly or indirectly on their duty execution towards the community, the inmates, colleagues and their supervisors. When officers are overwhelmed by their work, stress usually kicks in and that is when they begin to underperform. Most of the times, the officers tend to develop negative feelings towards some inmates. The inmates who are either rude or tend to always get into trouble that is avoidable. The negativity then affects the attitude of the officers towards the inmates and also to the larger community. (Elija, pg 14)
The same way that inmates get used to the environment in prisons, the correction officers get acquainted to the environment. Since the environment is totally different from the outside world, they have to fit in by all means possible. When their jobs get demanding and stressful, they tend to get easily exhausted and may not perform as expected. (stojkovic pg. 121).
Correction officers are tasked with various duties in correctional facilities. The officers make sure that there is maximum security in the whole institution. The well-being of prisoners and the staff, which includes health, must be enforced by the officers. Routine inspections every morning and night to make sure that all the inmates are present are also done by the officers.
There is constant need of patrols in the institutions to make sure that everything is in order. The patrols are made either on foot or by guard vehicles. These inspections are done in the cells of the inmates. The routine helps guarantee safety for both the inmates and the whole stuff. Unusual activities or behaviors are always reported to the higher authorities by the correction officers. The officers always monitor the inmates either through surveillance cameras and other forms of monitoring to observe any strange behaviors and routine by inmates to ensure security for everyone (Miller, pg. 15).
The officers are supposed to take disciplinary measures whenever inmates make mistakes or choose to ignore instructions given to them. Since it is their work to makes sure the inmates follow all the rules, they are supposed to make sure the inmates are fully conversant with the rules and regulations of the prison. It is supposed to be done over and over again in order for the inmates to always understand their expectations.
When inmates are brought into prison for the first time, there are inspections that are supposed to be conducted on them. The officers are supposed to check that the inmates are perfectly healthy. Movement in the prison by the inmates is supposed to be monitored at all times. Whenever the prisoners go for their meals, their daily chores or even for hospital checkups, they are supposed to be under guidance and supervision of the correction officers.
- Ricks, E.P., & Eno Louden, J. (2014,June 23) The Relationship Between Officer Orientation and Supervision Strategies in Community Corrections. Law and Human Behavior.
- MILLER, L. (2012). Criminal justice in action. S.l.: Broadman & holman publish Seiter, R. (2014).
- Corrections: An introduction (4th ed.). Boston: Pearson