Architecture has many unique characteristics as compared to the vast body of styles of art.Architecture must be functional and contend with difficult engineering challenges as well as an artistic statement.Even within the boundaries of architecture, it is obvious that the styles approached in creating the magnificent buildings seen in everyday life vary greatly. Difference in style is obvious when comparing the works of the Ancient Greek culture and those of the Islands of Japan. Both cultures have contributed greatly to the science and art of architecture, each in their own unique styles. The two contrast greatly, yet have some artistic similarities making each impressive according to yesterdays, and todays standards.
The characteristics in architecture developed by the Greeks are considered among the greatest achievements in Western Society.The Greek style of architecture combines both simplicity and grandeur to create magnificent structures that are world renowned and have continuously influenced the latter day architecture of Western Society.There are many characteristics in the architecture of Greek temples that separate the Greek era from of the Japanese Shinto shrines.To fully comprehend Greek temple architecture, one must understand the basis of the Greek state of mind.Ancient Greek culture thought very highly of man.Greek philosophers believed that nature to served mankind and that man was second only to humanistic Greek gods.The Greeks built temples as monuments to the deities and were designed in attempt to conquer nature much like the gods; last for an eternity.An excellent example of a Greek temple is the Parthenon located on the Acropolis in Athens, Greece.The Parthenon was built to honor the goddess Athena.The Parthenon is a regular but articulate building; although it is a stoa it is perceived more or less as a sculpture or monument rather than a place of shelter.Because the Greek culture was…