Columbus in his letter gives a detailed description of the island, Hispaniola. He talks about how he went about exploring the islandfirst by following its coastline. He then moves on to describe the natural beauty of the island its rivers, fertile lands, its cattle, palm trees, harbors and so on. After this he studies the behavior of the natives, he notices that they don't wear any clothing, don't believe in idolatry, they are not familiar with the use of iron and steel, don't own personal property and believe in single marriages. In the end he seeks the blessing of the King and finishes.
Columbus is writing this letter to give the King and Queen the good news that he has captured these island for them, he says "And, of them all, I have taken possession for their Highnesses, with proclamation and the royal standard displayed….". He then goes on to describe how he named the islands to honor them. Using this letter Columbus tries to convince the leadership back home to actively think about colonizing these islands.
Article chosen : Dead Reckoning Navigation
The author's argument in this article is that Columbus used the dead reckoning method to navigate instead of the celestial navigation.
The facts that he uses to support this argument are several. Thefirst one being the records that Columbus kept show no signs of celestial observations they are more measurements of distance and course. The second argument is that Columbus' ships were steered by helmsmen who could not see the stars , therefore they could not use celestial navigation. Then according to the author, Columbus' course would have had to deviate every 3 to 4 days to stay along a "celestially determined latitude" but this is not the case Columbus always stuck to his westward course. People might argue that Columbus could havecorrected his compasses, but the author sites an exam