During both the civil war and civil war reconstruction time periods,
there were many changes going on in the Union.The Emancipation Proclamation,
as well as legislation such as the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth
amendments, was causing a new awakening of democracy; while the renouncing of
secession by the South marked a definite triumph for Nationalism.As well, the
government was involved in altercations of its own.During reconstruction, the
legislative and executive branches eventually came to blows over the use of
power.The nation was being altered by forces which caused, and later repaired,
Attack on Fort Sumter prompted four more states ,Virginia, Arkansas, Tennessee,
and North Carolina, to join the Confederacy (South).Eventually, the residents
of the western counties of Virginia didn’t wish to secede along with the rest of
the state.This section of Virginia was admitted into the Union as the states
of West Virginia in June 20, 1863.On June 1861, public demand pushed General-
in-Chief Winfield Scott to advance on the South before adequately training his
untried troops.Scott ordered General Irvin McDowell to advance on Confederate
troops stationed at Manassas Junction, Virginia, where near the Capital of South,
Richmond.Then McDowell attacked in July 21, and was initially successful, but
the introduction of Confederate reinforcements resulted in a Southern victory
and a retreat toward Washington by the strong federal troops.From this battle,
First Battle of Bull Run, everyone finally realized that the war would last much
longer than what they thought.After the Battle of Bull Run, each side began to
train its troops and to plan strategy for the war.There were differences
between both side’s strategies. Much of the North’s strategy depended on
geography and they wanted to control over Mississippi River because it would
enable the North to penetrate deep …