Aristotle believes that happiness is the ultimate goal in life.You can't reach ultimate happiness unless you work hard and become successful.This is where his idea of self sufficiency comes into play, giving two main rules to live by, that (1) "…live to extent which even when isolated makes life desirable and lacking in nothing."Also (2) "Do things that which is always desirable in it and never for the sake of something else."The fact that you are the only one that is responsible for these actions is what makes it significant, because happiness is to be explained in terms of reason.To Aristotle, this means that happiness depends on the actualization of one's rationality.
A human's function is to engage in "an activity of the soul which is in accordance with virtue" and which "is in conformity with reason."The two kinds of virtue are intellectual and moral.Our virtues are what make us all individual and different.Intellectual virtues are what we are born with and what we learn.It is our nature as humans and what we have inherited that makes desire to learn.As humans, we develop wisdom to help guide us to a good life.With the intellectual virtue you develop two different kinds of wisdom: practical and philosophical.Practical wisdoms are your rational actions.
The highest virtue is philosophical wisdom, which is scientific, disinterested, and contemplative.Moral virtues are what we learn from imitation, practice and our habits we developed.Moral virtues are what we have learned from our society.Aristotle said, "Neither by nature, then, nor contrary to nature do the virtues arise in us; rather we are adapted by nature to receive them, and are made perfect by habit."This quote explains how you need both the intellectual virtue (nature) and the moral virtue (habit).
The soul is made up of three things: passions, faculties, and