Rwanda Genocide

Throughout history groups of people have tried to eliminate other groups for various reasons, but these attempts have been marked by the human race’s refusal to allow such systematic extermination to occur.Unfortunately in 1994 the global community collectively turned a blind eye toward the slaughter of hundreds of thousands of innocent people.The Rwandan Genocide revealed the governments of the world’s ignorance and apathy, as well as their continuing selfishness and refusal to take blame.
The killings were an attempt by a radical splinter, the Hutu Power, of the majority ethnic group, the Hutus, to eliminate a small minority, the Tutsis. The beginning of the genocide is usually traced to April 6, 1994 when a plane crashed with Rwanda’s president, Juvenal Habyarimanya on board.However, roots the genocide were established much earlier; the Hutu Power militia was being armed and trained for months before. Their intention was known to all; the Hutus had announced, over the radio and through various other channels, that they were going to exterminate the Tutsis.Within hours of the crash barricades had been set up around the capital. Anyone passing through was required to show identification papers, and all Tutsis were killed on the spot.Soon killings were occurring all over the country and the Tutsis were not the only victims, lists of moderate Hutus had been drawn up, and the people on that list were killed as well. Other Hutus who would not participate in the killing were slaughtered, in this way many people who would not normally facilitate such atrocities were pressured participating themselves.The Hutus were very well organized. They established a comprehensive protocol, outlining a system for the most effective way to slaughter their former comrades. The efficiency of this system was horrendous; using only knives and spiked sticks the Hutus surpassed the death camps employed by the Nazis during the Holocaust in pure …


easyJet launched in 1995 as the UK'sfirst'no frills' budget airline.Exploiting a 1987 European Commission rule change, allowing any airline with a valid Air Operators Certificate to operate on any route within the EU, Stelios Haji-Ioannou launched the airline with an initial £5million.He opened with a headline-grabbing fare of £29 from London Luton to Glasgow, basing easyJet on Southwest Airlines, a US company offering a no-frills, low-price service on short haul routes.easyJet's mission statement concentrates on three main points which are carried through their business and marketing strategy:
"To provide our customers with safe, good value, point to point air services. To effect and to offer a consistent and reliable product and fares appealing to leisure and business markets on a range of European routes. To achieve this we will develop our people and establish lasting relationships with our suppliers."
The importance of a good value service, a consistent and reliable service, and the establishment and maintenance of relationships are very important in the success story that is easyJet.By using an aggressive promotional strategy highlighting the quick, convenient service they provide, easyJet has increased passenger numbers, revenue and profits, year on year since their flotation on the stock market in 2000.Whilst gaining financial and market success, easyJet has also been successful in gaining plaudits from many recognised bodies; such as the'Most significant impact on market sector', and the'Most impressive brand developed in the last ten years' awards at the Consumer Superbrands event.
Brand stretching is often grouped with, or mistaken for, brand extension.Geoffrey Randall highlights the difference:
"Although the categories overlap, and the terms'stretching' and'extension' are often used interchangeably, we wi…

April fools day

Traditionally April fools day has been celebrated by millions through out the world as just a simple joke or a practical prank that have been practice by young and old alike, there is no age barrier. When questions are asked what is April fools day? Where did it come from, and how did you learn of it. Most people say theirfirst experience was in grammar school most targeting groups between 1st grade and 2nd grade habitually practicing the bun but harmless jokes all the way through collage and continuing o to now end. The humorous fun is an excellent excuse to play it on people you may not like and b the same token you love just as well. Everyone and anyone can be a target for a April fools gag and not be held responsible for there own foolishness whether you are the foolee or the fooler.
The history of April fools day or also know as "All fools day" had started in France around 1582 the result of a reformation of the calendar form the Julian calendar to the Gregorian calendar by pope Charles IX . Use of the Julian calendar dates back to the roman era and ruled by Julius Caesar and calendar inventor for which its was named after in 45b.c.
The Julian Calendar composed of eleven months of 30 and or 31 days a 28 day in February (extended to 29 days every fourth year) was very precise and only errored 11 1/2 minutes per year. After centuries a small inaccuracy of the eleven and a half minutes per year ads up and by the sixteenth century the little but continuing minutes had put the Julian calendar behind the solar one 10 days. Under Cesar's rule some one would have been thrown to the lions for such an inadequacy.
An advancement of 10 days was no longer tolerant so pope Charles IX and new correction device to curb further error was Introduced, making century years of 1700 or 1800 wouldn't be counted as leap years unless they are divisible by 400. The new Gregorian calendar system is very precise and still used i…

Appeasement Now and Before

Initially reports suggested the North Koreans fired a Daepondong I ballistic missile over Japan into the Pacific. Later State Department bulletins indicated it was merely an attempt to launch a satellite. Any way you look at it, many disturbing questions about American policy toward North Korea and stability on the Korean peninsula are raised.
State Department spokesmen said firing a missile over Japan and into the Pacific did not violate a 1994 agreement freezing North Korea’s nuclear weapons program, since this was ostensibly a satellite launch. However the failed satellite launch was tracked for 4000 miles into the Pacific Ocean, a range that could make Alaska and Hawaii vulnerable to a North Korean attack.
Although it is not easy to determine motives, the launching of this missile may be designed for Iraq, Iran and Pakistan as much as South Korea. As the leading supplier of nuclear technology to rogue states, North Korea depends on these sales for the only hard currency to be found in this largely impoverished nation.
The launch also raises the ante in the “international game of chicken.” North Korea delivered a message: If the nuclear plants promised by the U.S. are not built soon and if gifts of oil don’t arrive, the next missile fired may be more than a mere satellite launch.
Within hours of the missile’s Pacific splashdown, State Department Asia hands confirmed the need to underwrite the nuclear plants – a decision that prompted the South Korean government to release $4.6 billion to its neighbor to the north.
Like much of what occurs in American life at the moment, intimidation even if indirect, is rewarded. The North Koreans may be facing technical problems for a long range missile, such as not having enough propellant for a third stage, but as former Pentagon officials noted this is not an insuperable problem if they are intent on delivering afirst strike to noncontiguous parts of the United S

Russian Revolution ( Grade level 10)

Modern day Russia is sitll torn by the remineants of the its past. Before the recent establishment of the Republic of Russia, the land was controled by Soviet rule. However the Soviets within themselves were also fairly young as a governement. The Beggining of communist rule started around 1917, but had it roots since the turn of the century. The Czars of Russia had grown corrupt and inefficiant. While the working peoples were starving, the Upper classes were enjoying themselves despite the collapsing economy and governement. Eventually it all broke through and the Czar and his family were slaughtered along with other leaders. Even after that, though there was a Civil War wich would determine who would rule Russia for the next century.
The main influencer of the Revoltuion was a philospher names Carl Marx who wrote the Communist Manifesto. The Communist Menifesto stated how c government could be ran in an ideal way with no class systems, where all people are equal and work just as as hard as another does. Marx envisioned a system were work was equally distributed as was the fruits and the enitre community contributed to every persons needs and welfare, this system was known as communism. However, idealolgy is not reality, corrutption and the need for leadership would often cause the rise of communist and socialist governments to become starving police states with no freedom. Russia was possibly an acception to this common rule. An industrial revolution shortly after the explusion ofthe empirialist leadershelped to launch the newly founded and reformed nation intoa world power almost over night.
The origins of the revolution date far back to be recored but were not influential until the few years before it started.By 1914, Russia was economically backwards only just beginning to industrialize while the rest of the world was already well developed. The vast majority of Russia’s population were peasants and the political sy…

Eastern vs. Western Architecture

Architecture has many unique characteristics as compared to the vast body of styles of art.Architecture must be functional and contend with difficult engineering challenges as well as an artistic statement.Even within the boundaries of architecture, it is obvious that the styles approached in creating the magnificent buildings seen in everyday life vary greatly. Difference in style is obvious when comparing the works of the Ancient Greek culture and those of the Islands of Japan. Both cultures have contributed greatly to the science and art of architecture, each in their own unique styles. The two contrast greatly, yet have some artistic similarities making each impressive according to yesterdays, and todays standards.
The characteristics in architecture developed by the Greeks are considered among the greatest achievements in Western Society.The Greek style of architecture combines both simplicity and grandeur to create magnificent structures that are world renowned and have continuously influenced the latter day architecture of Western Society.There are many characteristics in the architecture of Greek temples that separate the Greek era from of the Japanese Shinto shrines.To fully comprehend Greek temple architecture, one must understand the basis of the Greek state of mind.Ancient Greek culture thought very highly of man.Greek philosophers believed that nature to served mankind and that man was second only to humanistic Greek gods.The Greeks built temples as monuments to the deities and were designed in attempt to conquer nature much like the gods; last for an eternity.An excellent example of a Greek temple is the Parthenon located on the Acropolis in Athens, Greece.The Parthenon was built to honor the goddess Athena.The Parthenon is a regular but articulate building; although it is a stoa it is perceived more or less as a sculpture or monument rather than a place of shelter.Because the Greek culture was…

Appeal to David Walker’s Appea

After finishing every book I have every read there has been an eminent feeling triggered by the underlying meaning…not this one.As I sit here trying to decipher just how I feel, my emotions are stirring.Since I can’t put an exact point on how I feel, I am going to just let it all flow out and hope that it makes sense.In my experience, writing from the heart seems to be the most powerful method.
I want to start with some of the more general points of the book and gradually get more specific.I think that this book may be one of the most powerful pieces of literature ever written.It makes it even more affective knowing who was writing it and who he was trying to reach.David Walker took a major step saying what said, but more importantly how he said it.Through the entire book I pictured him walking through a “forum” of white clergy and government officials pointing his finger to all of those so called innocent Christians.I decided when I started that I would read through and highlight the points that I wanted to discuss in the paper, that way I could retrace easily.I got to the point where I was highlighting a large portion of the text, more so that the unhighlighted portion.Walker didn’t waste time saying what he wanted to say, that is why the book was only 87 pages.He said what he needed to say and didn’t beat around the bush.This explains why the book is so effective.The tone in the text was uncanny.Walker projected his opinions with authority, emotion, and convictions for what he believes.I hear so often that it was thought to be an angry essay.I didn’t get that impression from the entire book.He was “appealing.”Walker may well have been an angry man, but if you are appealing to a group or groups of people anger isn’t going to be the most motivating force.I thought the punctuation exemplified the emotion behind his writings.There was a constant use of the exclamation point to show the ener…

Russian Revolution

At the time of World War One, Russia’s czarist rulers had entered with good intensoins to win
land and gain kwnoledge in Eastern Europe. The czar not taking certain things into
consideration, felt the stresses of the war and had his czarist state destroyed after over 5 million casualties were killed and major food shortages at home, and throughout the military.
If this was not bad enough for the czar, what used to be a harmless street demonstration, was turning into a quite harmful riot of angry Russians. Theyrose up against the czar, Czar Nicholas II, in an attempt to overthrow the autocratic government. They were successful. Czar Nicholas II abdicated his throne and the government collasped.
With the arrival of Vladimer Ilich Lenin, the Russian Revolution begins. Back in from living in exile in western Europe, Lenin hoped to increase the revolutionary chaos and remove Russia from World War One. After a number of actions or revolts in an attempt to revolutionize, Czar Nicholas II granted the people of Russia a small say in the government. Establishing a parliament called the Duma, the Czar hoped this would be enough for the Russian people to stop acting against his way of government.
Back from Switzerland, Germany and Lenin made an effort to weaken the Russian military. Due to the act of the old Duma or parliament, many things were passed or re-enacted. This included the bringing back of the radical communist Bolsheviks.When Lenin arrived in Russia, he immediatly called for the end of the war. This call ,and new power of Lenin and his followers the Bolsheviks, was so effective that in June, two months after his arrival men were leaving their posts in the front lines of battle. This led Aleksandr Kerensky to confront a military rebellion.
Russians upset and discontent with the way of the present czarist government, and also facing many defeats in World War One, form riots and are rebelling.Lenin sees the way things are …

Apostles of Disunion

In Apostles of Disunion, Charles Dew attempted to explain what caused the South to secede and start a civil war.One topic he focused on and believed was a major reason the South seceded was the pro slavery attitude the South held.Dew believed that if slavery did not exist then the civil war would have never occurred.Through his writings he showed the pro slavery attitude Southerners held and he used several examples to support this idea.Two of the best examples he used were actions that pro slavery Southerners took before the civil war started andspeeches made by pro slavery southerners in attempt to gain an allegiance against the North.
One example that Dew provided that showed actions Southerners took that demonstrated there pro slavery attitudes was the use of scare tactics by these Southerners.In an effort to build an alliance through the South, Southern leaders would use emotion to gain support of the common people.They would give examples of what would happen to them and there families if blacks would be free.These examples would explain how the lives of Southerners would be ruined and that the country would come to an end if slaves were freed.On page 22, Dew gave portions of a speech, by Governor John J. Petus of Mississippi that was given to the state legislature.In this speech he said, "Secession was the only way to avoid the blight of Black Republicans politics and free Negro morals", he continued to say that if slaves were freed, Mississippi would become "a cess pool of vice, crime and infamy". Petus was attempting to rationalize that the state would become a haven of criminals if slaves were freed.He was really concerned about losing the revenue from slavery, but he used scare tactics to get approval for secession.
Another action that showed that pro slavery attitude Southerners held was the commissions that they held.These commissions werefirs

East and West; The Yiddish Film

There is a lot of tension between modern culture and old culture in the film, East and West.Much intergenerational conflict occurs between Mollie and her father Morris and also between Mollie and the rest of the family from Poland.
The differences between Mollie and her father and the rest of the family are immediately evident when they arrive in Poland.Morris is noticeably lacking the beard and traditional dress that most of the men have, and Mollie doesn't really fit in with her cropped hair cut, bold lipstick, and dress.
On one of the holiest holidays of the Jewish year Mollie distances herself yet further from the traditional culture.Instead of following along in her prayer book Mollie slips a novel in and reads while she pretends to be praying.While she was supposed to be fasting all day she sneaks back to her relative's house and eats the meal that was prepared for that night.Once she returns from satiating her appetite her cousin Zelda complains of hunger pains; Mollie, not wanting to miss out on attention, also feigns hunger pains.She doesn't care about anyone except herself.
Jealous of Zelda's wedding Mollie decides to steal some attention by staging a mock wedding.In all the excitement Jacob gets dragged away from his studies to be the groom.Jacob places a ring on Mollie's finger, knowing that by Jewish law this will make them married.Despite being urged not to by all of the learned men Jacob places the ring on Mollie's finger.Mollie is very upset about the whole marriage incident.Morris and Mollie consult the Rabbi who orders Jacob to set Mollie free.He refuses to obey the Rabbi and turns his back on tradition.Everyone in the old culture rejects him.
Jacob longs to be accepted by the traditional society, but at the same time also wishes to please Mollie.Since he is an outcast of society Jacob decides to leave and live with his Uncle in Vienna.When h…